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made in britain porcelain dinnerware "made in china" is suffering from industrial restructuring

by:Two Eight     2019-08-22
made in britain porcelain dinnerware \
Nike is the world's largest manufacturer of sports products, and financial reports in the fourth quarter of last year show that Vietnam has become Nike's largest production base in the world, and this important production base will continue to be strengthened in 2011.
In recent years, human resources prices in China have continued to rise, so more and more international manufacturers have chosen to transfer factories to Southeast Asian countries with cheaper labor prices.
However, many foreign companies are also considering moving their research centers to China.
To control labor costs, Nike has been shifting its main production base for the past 30 years, first in Japan and then in South Korea and Taiwan. Later in Hong Kong, the Philippines, Malaysia, Thailand and other countries and regions.
Nike's new production center moved to China in 1981.
Japan used to be part of a global factory for Nike and other big businesses, but it was discarded due to high wage growth.
According to the International Labor Organization, from the perspective of purchasing power parity, the wages of Vietnamese workers are $85/month and Indonesia is $148/month, but the highest monthly minimum wage in Shenzhen, China, is 1320 yuan/month, which is about $190 at the current exchange rate.
In addition to higher wage expectations, another important issue is the proportion of staff
The age population is rapidly declining in China.
The situation was worse in June 2011, as inflation in China was almost out of control, resulting in a sharp rise in raw material prices, and the government had to adopt tight fiscal policies in order to control inflation, which in turn led to higher financing costs for manufacturers.
Finally, the cost of production cannot be controlled and many factories have stopped production or closed.
Therefore, we can clearly see that the advantage of "Made in China" is a step-by-step loss, and China's manufacturing industry needs to be redefined.
At the same time, other Southeast Asian countries are trying to replace the status of "world factories" and attract more overseas companies to open factories in these countries.
Starting from 2010, Nike's products in the Chinese market began to change: more and more canvas shoes were marked as "Made in Vietnam ".
Nike's tradition is to entrust production to overseas production partners. by 2010, Chinese manufacturers have become Nike's largest partners, but this production throne was occupied by Vietnamese manufacturers after 2010.
In the view of manufacturing practitioners, the dominant position of "Made in China" is changing.
However, industry insiders stressed that "made in Vietnam" will not replace "made in China ".
For "Made in Vietnam", the best result is only the complementary nature of "Made in China.
Chinese manufacturers need to adhere to industrial upgrading and strive to implement the strategy of accelerating high-value production --added products.
At the same time, overseas companies are increasing research on Chinese investment, establishing new research centers in China, or transferring research and development centers to China.
Higher and higher-
Technology Capital is looking for opportunities in China.
"The transfer of manufacturing from China is an inevitable pain in the stage of industrial upgrading in China.
An expert at IFreetouch said. com.
He also believes that China's transition process should be gradual, step by step, and remain slow to meet the high level.
The technical competition, otherwise, will repeat the mistakes of Japan.
Japan's industrial structure adjustment is too hasty. after entering the advanced stage, the labor cost is too high.
In the technical stage, the advantages are almost lost, and the adjustment of industrial structure is finally stopped.
Industrial restructuring is both an opportunity and a challenge for China. China is facing too many difficulties in industrial upgrading, because most factories in China are profitable through OEM, core technology is generally controlled by foreign companies.
Therefore, Chinese manufacturers must increase investment in research and development to narrow the gap with developed countries.
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