blue and white porcelain tea sets dinnerware bat printing on pottery and porcelain by maurice robertson
Undoubtedly, the invention of transfer printing on porcelain and pottery is one of the most important innovations in the development of ceramic industry. The honor of this development was awarded to Robert Hancock, a British sculptor born in Birmingham (1730-1817). We met Robert for the first time at the enamel factory in Battersea, London, where he was recorded as a copper plate sculptor at York tower. Here, a beautiful small copper box for the 18th-century luxury market in the UK, vertu is such an expensive objectKnown as bijouterie, perfume bottles, small nose cigarette cases and practical goods, such as boxes with sewing tools, toothpicks, trays used to hold pens, cans of tea and sugar, designed to mimic expensive silver pieces. At 1756, the Battersea factory was closed and we found Robert at the Worcester porcelain factory the same year. Robert Hancock, apparently under the guidance of Dr. John Wall, applied his knowledge and expertise to plant management. The idea of this fast decoration technology left a deep impression on the management! Since the opening of the factory in 1751, porcelain painting has been a laborious and expensive process carried out by painters painted with colored paint powder, mixed lavender oil and brushes. Robert taught his printing skills and quickly mastered the process by producing the first famous copper engraved black transfer print in 1757. The theme is Frederick, the ally and hero of the seven-year war, King of Prussia. The transfer printing developed by Battersea began with the unique skills of a bronze sculptor who carved the required design with a fine sharp steel depth. Anti-engraved design! , Allows the final print to display "the correct way ". Then add the pigment, usually mixed with the oil and heated to make the color deep into the copper plate engraving, and the excess ink is then wiped clean with a color palette. After cleaning with cloth, a layer of tissue is covered on the copper plate, which is wet and pressed on the plate. Next, gently lift the paper towel from the board and carefully fix it on the shape to be printed. When the organization is cleverly lifted, the design is left behind. This early print style leaves the print on the top of the glazed item and then ignites it, eventually fixing the print on the glaze. As the 18 th century entered the early 19 th century, the new ceramic printing technology was developed, which not only improved the technology, but also made it faster. time is money! At this point, the great name is Josiah spoud, who is in 1781-84. In the early 1800 s, the organization was replaced by a piece of paper or sometimes fabric. Coated with a layer of glue, it is easy to cut and form to fit curved objects such as dishes and tea pots. This is called "bat" printing and provides the alternative name "bat printing" for the process ". The ink bat was then placed on a ceramic object, leaving an impression, leaving a print attached to the shape. The item is then immersed in the glaze and returned to the kiln for glost or low burn. Glue sticks are reusable and they are more in line with the surface. Cobalt blue, glazed transfer print is the standard for the Stafford County pottery industry. Like Josiah spoud, Wedgwood, Thomas mington and others, they are entrepreneurs and leaders in the ceramic industry in grand Stafford. While sharing a friendly business relationship, everyone pays attention to the market! It is at this time that large export markets in North America, Europe and India are opening up or expanding, where consumers seek elegant, matching goods.